MATERIALS
Comprehensive ferrous alloy selection
 

 

Carbon steels and low alloy steels

  Alloy

Applicable Specifications

Typical Chemical Analysis

Minimum Mechanical properties

      C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo S P Co Cu V W     Strength in PSI  
Tensile Yield
1020 MIL-S-81591, QQ-S-681, ASTM-A-27 .19 .50 .45       .03 .03             65,000 40,000 35%

HRB
76

 
1040 MIL-S-81591 .37 .85 .50       .04 .04             100,000 90,000 10% HRB
95
 
1050 MIL-S-81591, QQ-S-681 .49 .75 .45       .04 .04             125,000 100,000 10% HRC
26
 
W.C.B. ASTM-A-216 .30 1.00 .60 .40 .50 .25   .04 .02 .50 .03       70,000-95,000 36,000 22% HRB
87
 
WC6 ASTM-A-217 .20 .70 .60 1.25 .50 .55 .04 .04   .50   .10     70,000-95,000 40,000 20% HRB
87
 
4130 AMS 5336D, SAE/AISI, MIL-S-22141 .28 .55 .34 1.00   .23 .03 .03             150,000 125,000 7% HRC
36
 
4140 MIL-S-22141, AMS 5338C .40 .90 .25 .95 .25 .17 .03 .03   .03         180,000 160,000 5% HRC
46
 
4330 AMS-5328B, AMS-5329C .33 .80 .75 .80 1.80 .35 .02 .02   .35         180,000 160,000 5% HRC
43
 
4340 MIL-S-22141, AISI/SAE .40 .70 .25 80 1.80 .25 .02               200,000 180,000 5% HRC
43
 
6150 MIL-S-22141, AISI/SAE .50 .75 .29 .95     .04 .03     .15       190,000 170,000 4% HRC
43
 
8620 MIL-S-22141, AISI/SAE .20 .80 .25 .50 .55 .20 .04 .03             105,000 85,000 10% HRB
97
 
9310 AISI/SAE .10 .50 .25 1.20 3.25 .10 .02 .02             - - -    
52100 MIL-S-22141, AISI/SAE 1.00 .30 .25 1.50     .02 .02             - - - HRB
100
 
  8640 MIL-S-22141 .40 .95 .60 .50 .55 .20 .04 .04             180,000 145,000 5% HRC
40
 
                                           

Austenitic Stainless Steels

  Alloy

Applicable Specifications

Typical Chemical Analysis

Minimum Mechanical properties

      C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo S P Co Cu Cb + Ta       Strength in PSI  
Tensile Yield
302 AMS 5358, MIL-S-81591 .15 1.50 1.00 18.00 9.00   .03               70,000 30,000 30% HRB88  
303 QQ-S-764B, AMS 5341B, MIL-S-81591, ASTM-A-296 CF-16F .12 1.50 1.00 18.50 9.50 .60 .25 .04   .50         70,000 30,000 30% HRB88  
304 AMS 5370B, MIL-S-81591, ASTM-A-296 CF-8, ASTM-A-351 CF-8 .05 1.70 1.00 19.00 10.00   .03 .04             70,000 30,000 35% HRB88  
304L ASTM-A-296 CF-3
ASTM-A-296 CF-3
.03 1.50 2.00 19.00 10.00   .04 .04             70,000 30,000 35% HRB88  
310 AMS 5366C, MIL-S-20150, ASTM-A-296 Type CK-20, ASTM-S-351 Type CK-20 .18 2.00 1.00 25.00 20.00   .03 .04             70,000 30,000 30% HRB88  
316 ASTM-A-351 CF-8M, ASTM-A-296 CF-8M .07 1.50 1.50 18.50 10.50 2.25 .03 .03             70,000 30,000 30% HRB88  
316L ASTM-A-296 CF-3M, ASTM-A-351 CF-3M .03 1.50 1.00 19.00 11.00 2.25 .03 .03             70,000 30,000 30% HRB88  
347 AMS 5362G, ASTM-A-296 Type CF-8C, ASTM-A-251 Type CF-8C .07 .90 1.00 18.50 11.00 .50 .03     .50 1.00       70,000 30,000 30% HRB88  
                                           

Martensitic Stainless Steels

  Alloy

Applicable Specifications

Typical Chemical Analysis

Minimum Mechanical properties

      C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo S P Co Cu Sn Zr Se W Strength in PSI  
Tensile Yield
410 AMS 5350F, MIL S-81591, ASTM-A-296 CA-15, ASTM-A-217 CA-15 .12 1.00 .80 11.90 .50 .50 .03   .02 .50 .05       95,000-115,000 75,000 18% HRB 94 TO 115  
416 AMS 5349B, MIL-S-81591 .12 1.25 1.00 13.00 .50 .50 .25     .50 .05 .50     90,000 65,000 8% HRB 90 TO 115  
420 MIL-S-22216, ASTM-A-296 CA-40 .30 1.00 1.00 13.00       .04             100,000 70,000 15% HRB 95  
420F AMS 5620 F Type 1 (composition only) .35 1.25 1.00 13.00 .50 .60 .03 .06             - - - HRC 50  
430 AISI/SAE .12 .50 .80 16.00     .03 .03             - - - -  
440C AMS-5352C, MIL-S-22216 1.00 1.00 1.00 17.00 .75 .50 .03 .04   .50         - - -

HRC 30

 
436
(greek Ascaloy)
AMS-5354D .18 1.00 1.00 13.00 1.90 .50 .03 .04   .50       3.00 145,000 115,000 10% HRC 35  
                                           

Precipitation Stainless Steels

  Alloy

Applicable Specifications

Typical Chemical Analysis

Minimum Mechanical properties

      C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo S P Co Cu N Sn Cb+Ta    Strength in PSI  
Tensile Yield
15-5-PH AMS 5357 .05 .60 .75 15.00 4.70   .02     2.90 .05 .02 .20   180,000 160,000 6% HRC 40  
17-4-PH AMS 5343, AMS 5344, AMS 4342B, AMS 5355D, ASTM-A-747 CB7CU-1 MIL-S-81591 .06 .70 .75 16.00 4.20   .02     3.10 .05 .02 .25   180,000 160,000 6% HRC 40  
25-5-PH SAE-AISI .04 1.00 1.00 26.00 5.25 2.15 .04 .04   3.00         - - - -  
S-45000 ASTM-A-564 .05 1.00 1.00 15.00 6.00 .70 .03 .03   1.50   .02 8XC   180,000 170,000 6% HRC 39  
                                         

Tool Steels

  Alloy

Applicable Specifications

Typical Chemical Analysis

Minimum Mechanical properties

      C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo S P Co Cu V W     Strength in PSI  
Tensile Yield
A-2 ASTM-A-597, SAE/AISI 1.00 .60 .30 5.00   1.00         .40       - - - HcdcdRB 61  
A-6 AISI/SAE Type A-6 .70 2.00 .40 1.10   1.20                 - - - HRC 60  
H-11 QQ-T-570 Type H-11, ASTM-A-597 Type CH-11 .35 .30 .95 5.00   1.50         .40       - - - HRC 53  
M-2 SAE/AISI Type M-2, QQ-T590 Type M-2 .80 .30 .35 4.00   5.00         2.00 6.00     - - - HRC 63  
O-1 AISI/SAE .90 1.20 .30 .50             .20 .50     - - - HRC 50  
D-2 SAE/AISI, ASTM-A-597 Type D-2 1.50 .35 .40 11.50   .80 .02 .02     .10       - - - HRC 61  
  S-Impacto   .10 .50 .30 1.50 3.50     .02     .02       - - - -  
                                           

Nickel & Cobalt base Alloys

  Alloy

Applicable Specifications

Typical Chemical Analysis

Minimum Mechanical properties

      C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo S P Co Cu w Fe AL V Strength in PSI  
Tensile Yield
HAST.C AMS-5388C(Hastalloy C) .15 1.00 1.00 16.50 Bal. 17.00 .03 .03 2.5   4.50 6.00   .40 - - - HRC 21  
MONEL S QQ-N-288 Type D .25 1.50 4.00   60.00         29.00   2.50 .50   - - - HBN 300  
STAR J #1 Hayness Stellite(Star-J-Metal) 2.50 1.00 1.00 32.00 2.00       Bal.   17.00 3.00     - - - HRC 53  
#6 AMS 5387A 1.25 .40 .60 29.00 3.00 1.50 .04 .04 Bal.   5.00 2.00     - - - HRC 37  
#21 AMS 5385, ASTM-A-567 Grade 1 .25 1.00 1.00 28.00 3.20 5.50 .04 .04 Bal.     3.00     - - - HRC 34  
                                           

 
 
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